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AQUADOC_0030_Filamentous-Algae

FILAMENTOUS ALGAE

Single algae cells that form long visible chains, threads, or filaments. Starts growing along the bottom in shallow water, or attached to structures in the water. Gives off oxygen that becomes entrapped in the mat of strands causing it to rise to the surface. Often a persistent problem because it reproduces by plant fragments, spores and cell division

Good Solutions

Cutrine-Ultra

Better Solutions

Copper Sulfate

Best Solutions

Cutrine-Plus

Captain

AQUADOC_0020_Spirogyra

SPIROGYRA

Very fine bright green filaments, slimy to the touch, normally encountered during the colder months.

Good Solutions

Copper Sulfate

Best Solutions

Cutrine-Plus

Captain

AQUADOC_0010_Pithophora

PITHOPHORA

Often referred to as “horse hair” algae, very coarse and thread-like with a texture of steel wool. Normally brownish-yellow or brownish-green in color. Forms dense clumps as it rises to the surface. Common in farm ponds and nutrient rich ponds.

Best Solutions

Cutrine-Ultra

AQUADOC_0022_Hydrodictyon

HYDRODICTYON

Easily identified by septagon shaped cells. Net-like pattern in early matting stages. Normally yellowish-green, occurs later in the season, likes clean, eutrophic water.

Better Solutions

Cutrine-Plus

Captain

Best Solutions

Cutrine-Ultra

Copper Sulfate

AQUADOC_0014_Oscillatoria

OSCILLATORIA

Long blue-green, unbranched filaments that oscillate naturally. Common in ponds devoid of aquatic plants. Thick muscelligenus, algae w/ attached leaves and silt make chemistry penetration very challenging.

Best Solutions

Cutrine-Ultra

AQUADOC_0026_Planktonic-Algae

PLANKTONIC ALGAE

Microscopic free-floating plants. Blooms cause water to appear pea soup green or brown in color. Can cause problems for fish if a sudden die off occurs. Extremely difficult to control.

Good Solutions

Cutrine-Ultra

Copper Sulfate

Best Solutions

Cutrine-Plus

AQUADOC_0023_Microcystis

MICROCYSTIS

Microscopic in size, but in bloom proportions, will turn water a blue-green color and form surface scums. Some strains produce a toxin known as Microsystin which in abundance can be harmful to animals.

Good Solutions

Copper Sulfate

Better Solutions

Cutrine-Plus

Captain

Best Solutions

Cutrine-Ultra

aphanizomenom (002)

APHANIZOMENON

Forms strands in bright green in color. In abundance will form surface scum. Toxin producer.

Good Solutions

Copper Sulfate

Better Solutions

Cutrine-Plus

Captain

Best Solutions

Cutrine-Ultra

AQUADOC_0001_Anabaena

ANABAENA

Causes strong odor even in small numbers. Forms surface scum. Toxin producer.

Good Solutions

Copper Sulfate

Better Solutions

Cutrine-Plus

Captain

Best Solutions

Cutrine-Ultra

AQUADOC_0012_CHARA

CHARA

Has the most complex structure of all green algae. Often called stoneworts, skunkweed or muskgrass. Becomes encrusted with calcium carbonate with maturity. Has a “skunky” smell when crushed. Easily confused with Naiad pond weed. In managed levels, this algae acts as a great natural filtration system for ponds. Provides lots of dissolved oxygen, sediment stabilization, and fish structure.

Good Solutions

Cutrine-Plus

Captain

Cutrine-Ultra

Copper Sulfate

Best Solutions

Cutrine-Plus Granular

AQUADOC_0011_Curly-Leaf-Pond-Weed

CURLYLEAF PONDWEED

Very invasive exotic species of weed. Grows in spring with cold water and will naturally die off when water temperatures approach 70 degrees.

Good Solutions

Nautique

Better Solutions

Reward

Best Solutions

Clipper

Sonar

Aquathol K

AQUADOC_0021_Eurasian-Watermilfoil

EURASAIN WATERMILFOIL

Very invasive exotic weed species. Rapidly disperses through fragmentation. Will form canopy. Very competitive and able to completely dominate a plant community within a couple years.

Good Solutions

Nautique

Aquathol K

Better Solutions

Reward

Best Solutions

Clipper

Sonar

AQUADOC_0004_Coontail

COONTAIL

Native species. Distinguished from Watermilfoil by the forking of leaves rather than the feather like divisions. Will calcify later in season.

Good Solutions

Nautique

Better Solutions

Aquathol K

Best Solutions

Reward

Sonar

AQUADOC_0006_Clasping-Leaf-Pond-Weed

CLASPINGLEAF PONDWEED

Leaves are wide and wavy with a broad base.

Good Solutions

Sonar

Best Solutions

Aquathol K

Aquathol Super K

AQUADOC_0007_Sago-Pondweed

SAGO PONDWEED

Bush-like appearance with narrow thread shaped leaves. Nutlets are arranged like beads spaced on a string and emerge from the water.

Good Solutions

Sonar

Best Solutions

Aquathol K

Aquathol Super K

Clipper

AQUADOC_0015_Elodea-Common-Waterweed

ELODEA (COMMON WATERWEED)

Brazilian Elodea is an exotic species transferred from aquarium industry. Will canopy, create plant monoculture & grows by fragmentation.

Better Solutions

Aquathol K

Nautique

Best Solutions

Reward

Sonar

AQUADOC_0009_Brittle-Naiad

BRITTLE NAIAD

Exotic species from Europe. Very invasive. Grows in warmer water temperatures. Can grow by fragmentation.

Better Solutions

Nautique

Best Solutions

Aquathol K

Sonar

AQUADOC_0018_Bladderwort

BLADDERWORT

Can grow in nutrient poor water. Free-floating plant with bladders.

Good Solutions

Reward

Best Solutions

Sonar

AQUADOC_0027_Hydrilla

HYDRILLA

Very invasive exotic plant. Will out compete all other plants forming a monoculture. Provides poor fish habitats, clogs intakes, and disrupts recreational activities. Grows by fragmentation. If you think you have this plant, please contact AQUA DOC or Cleveland Metroparks Invasive Plants immediately.

Good Solutions

Reward

Better Solutions

Aquathol K

Best Solutions

Clipper

Sonar

AQUADOC_0024_Cattails

CATTAILS

Native species of perennial plant. Provides excellent habitat for wildlife. Can spread quickly if not managed on a regular basis.

Best Solutions

Shoreline Defense with surfactant Cide-kick II

Aqua Neat with surfactant Cide-Kick II

AQUADOC_0025_Phragmites

PHRAGMITES

Very aggressive growth. Not preferred habitat for birds or aquatic animals.

Good Solutions

Shoreline Defense with surfactant Cide-kick II

AQUADOC_0003_Purple-Loosestrife

PURPLE LOOSESTRIFE

This plant is easily identified by its bright purplish flowers set on a 4 sided stem with leaves usually found in pairs arranged oppositely.

Good Solutions

Shoreline Defense with surfactant Cide-kick II

AQUADOC_0017_Creeping-Primrose

CREEPING PRIMROSE

Can be difficult to control because ½ the plant is in water and the other ½ of the plant is above water. Prevents adequate coverage with herbicides. Best to treat mid-summer when pond levels are down.

Best Solutions

Shoreline Defense with surfactant Cide-kick II

AQUADOC_0000_Spatterdock

SPATTERDOCK

Relatively heart-shaped leaves that stand above the surface on thick, stiff stems, has yellow flowers in summer.

Good Solutions

Reward

Better Solutions

Shoreline Defense with surfactant Cide-kick II

Best Solutions

Sonar

AQUADOC_0002_Water-Lilies

WATER LILIES

Large leaves that lay flat on the water’s surface. Leaves can be round or elliptical and could have a slit in one side.

Better Solutions

Shoreline Defense with surfactant Cide-kick II

Best Solutions

Sonar

AQUADOC_0016_Spike-Rush

SPIKE RUSH

Commonly uprooted by amurs, muskrats & waterfowl then found floating. Difficult to control if plant is not entirely submerged or exposed. Once plant is uprooted, it cannot be killed with herbicides. Plant is desirable because it only grows a couple of inches in length and provides great shoreline and bottom stabilization.

Good Solutions

Aquathol K

Better Solutions

Reward

Best Solutions

Shoreline Defense with surfactant Cide-kick II

AQUADOC_0005_Watershield

WATERSHIELD

Leaves are oval, green on top and reddish purple on the bottom and the stem. Stem is attached in the middle of the leaf. Difficult to control because of the waxy leaf covering-must keep herbicide on leaf for control.

Good Solutions

Shoreline Defense with surfactant Cide-kick II

Better Solutions

Sonar

AQUADOC_0013_American-Illinois-Pond-Weed

AMERICAN ILLINOIS PONDWEED

Native species, usually do not grow to nuisance levels. Provides good fish and wildlife habitat.

Good Solutions

Reward

Better Solutions

Sonar

Best Solutions

Aquathol K

AQUADOC_0008_Watermeal

WATERMEAL

Smallest flowering plant. Rapidly spreads through budding. Thrives in stagnant, nutrient rich waters.

Best Solutions

Clipper

Sonar

AQUADOC_0029_Duckweed

DUCKWEED

Cousin to watermeal. Identified by three leaves with hair-like roots dangling below.

Best Solutions

Clipper

Sonar

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